April 28, 2021, 6:58AM EDT
• 9 min read

Ethereum gas fees and the impacts of Berlin hardfork

Quick Take

  • Gas in Ethereum is fuel for transactions and protection against spam attacks.
  • Berlin hardfork changed the gas costs of some EVM operations, which seriously affected the cost of functions using them.
  • Optional access lists added in Berlin hardfork are not a gas costs reduction tool and, if misused, will increase fees.

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